Guimard was born in Lyon on March 10, 1867, and died in New York on May 20, 1942. He attended the École nationale supérieure des arts décoratifs and then the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1882-5. It appears that he was strongly influenced by Victor Horta’s Hôtel Tassel in Brussels. Guimard’s Castel Béranger of 1898 made him famous and he received many commissions, including the entries into the stations of the Paris Metro. His approach was one of design totality, and his buildings’ interior spaces, decorations and furnishings corresponded to the exterior appearance and structure. The Castel Béranger and his 1909 Hotel Guimard exemplify this total design approach. He devoted great... more.