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Cap (Egypt), late 13th–early 14th century

This is a Cap. It is dated late 13th–early 14th century and we acquired it in 1949. Its medium is untwisted silk, gilded parchment; z-spun linen lining and its technique is plain weave cloth, quilted, embroidered and sewn. It is a part of the Textiles department.

This cap was used in Mamluk Egypt, a period during which textiles were perhaps the most precious items in Islamic society. Its finely-woven blue silk fabric is interlaced with ‘strap gold’: strips of membrane coated with real gold foil, making it among the most expensive and desired fabric types in Egypt at this time. The fabric’s fine, firm weave structure and use of untwisted silks indicate a Chinese origin for the fabric, which likely arrived in Egypt by means of the famed Silk Road. The geometric and interlace designs of the embroidery, however, reflect medieval Islamic tastes rather than Chinese designs, suggesting that the hat itself was fabricated in Egypt. Erosion of the cap’s back and evidence of bodily fluid degradation suggest that the cap was used in a funerary context. The deceased was likely wealthy to have been buried in a cap of such fine fabric.

This object was purchased from Victor Bacchi. It is credited Museum purchase through gift of Anonymous Donor.

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Its dimensions are

H x diam.: 11.4 x 15.2 cm (4 1/2 x 6 in.)

Cite this object as

Cap (Egypt), late 13th–early 14th century; untwisted silk, gilded parchment; z-spun linen lining; H x diam.: 11.4 x 15.2 cm (4 1/2 x 6 in.); Museum purchase through gift of Anonymous Donor; 1949-64-7

This object was previously on display as a part of the exhibition Maira Kalman Selects.

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<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url= |title=Cap (Egypt), late 13th–early 14th century |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=26 March 2019 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>