This object is currently on display in room 206 as part of Botanical Expressions. There are 2 other images of this object. This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions), and as such we offer a high-resolution image of it. See our image rights statement.


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Toast Rack (England), designed 1881

This is a Toast rack. It was designed by Christopher Dresser and manufactured by Hukin & Heath and distributed by Degler. It is dated designed 1881 and we acquired it in 1985. Its medium is silver-plated metal. It is a part of the Product Design and Decorative Arts department.

Dresser believed in an underlying order, unity, and symmetry derived from nature, and the stems and rivets of this toast rack are remarkably similar to his studies on branch growth, as seen in the facsimile drawing nearby. This is one of many silver and electroplated wares Dresser designed for Birmingham silversmiths Hukin & Heath. Dresser’s functional objects reveal not only his scientific background, but also his concern with limiting ornamentation to make objects affordable and suitable for serial production

It is credited Gift of Miles Lourie.

Our curators have highlighted 4 objects that are related to this one. Here are three of them, selected at random:

Its dimensions are

H x W x D: 12.7 x 14.6 x 9.8 cm (5 x 5 3/4 x 3 7/8 in.)

It has the following markings

Stamped underside of base: "H & H [for Hukin & Heath] / Eagle [trademark for firm] / 2556 / [registry mark 9 May 1881] / Degler-Norwich."

Cite this object as

Toast Rack (England), designed 1881; Designed by Christopher Dresser (British, 1834–1904); silver-plated metal; H x W x D: 12.7 x 14.6 x 9.8 cm (5 x 5 3/4 x 3 7/8 in.); Gift of Miles Lourie; 1985-105-1

In addition to Botanical Expressions, this object was previously on display as part of the exhibition Shock of the Old: Christopher Dresser.

This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use page.

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url= |title=Toast Rack (England), designed 1881 |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=9 July 2020 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>