Soroban (Japanese Abacus) (Japan), ca. 1900
This is a Soroban (Japanese abacus).
Long before inexpensive electronic calculators, Japanese merchants used sticks to track the results of routine calculations. By 1800, a simple calculating device known as the abacus was adopted from the Chinese. An abacus consists of a series of equally spaced rods, each representing a single digit, set in a rectangular frame with beads that slide along each column. A horizontal bar divides the columns: the upper section represents fives, the lower section, ones. To add, one moves beads toward the crossbar, while to subtract, one moves beads outward. Different from the Chinese abacus, this Japanese soroban features distinctive biconical beads, which were easier to manipulate. Wood and bamboo, as in this example, were used extensively before World War II, but today’s abaci are often made from molded plastic.
It is credited
Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History, 1989.0515.01.
Our curators have highlighted 2 objects that are related to this one.
Its dimensions are
H x W x D (in case): 12 x 46 x 4 cm (4 3/4 x 18 1/8 x 1 9/16 in.)
This object was previously on display as a part of the exhibition Tools: Extending Our Reach.