Patent Model For A Clothespin, Patent No. 47,223 (USA), April 11, 1865
“By thus rendering the three prongs flexible I also attain another desirable object, which is this: In forcing the pin on over thin and delicate fabrics on a clothesline or removing it the same, the inner prong and one of the outer prongs may be readily clasped between the thumb and finger of the operator and drawn together, making more space between the other outer prong and the inner one, thus preventing the fabric from being torn or injured, as it often is with the common kind of clothesy pins.”
The earliest American patent for a clothespin was granted in 1832, though designs for hanging one’s laundry were likely known in England before then. In 1853, Vermont inventor David M. Smith patented a groundbreaking version of the device that employed two hinged arms, a design that more closely resembles today’s clothespin. These patent models represent some of the 146 patents issued for clothespins between the years 1852 and 1887. Most have been largely forgotten as a product of shortsighted ingenuity, but this collection nonetheless sheds light on the patent frenzy of the late 19th-century. Most patented clothespins in this period were for minor improvements, and almost all share a common goal: to keep clothes on the drying line without falling off. Some, including a later version patented by Smith in 1867, propose alternative materials for existing designs (in this case, substituting the wire for a cheaper wooden joint). Others dispense with a joint altogether in favor of a cut wood model, like the easily portable version patented by Henry Mellish in 1871. Today, an estimated 60 percent of all American homes have an automatic clothes dryer, rendering the clothespin more or less obsolete—except in the case of children’s craft projects. Indeed, Vermont’s National Clothespin Factory, the last factory producing wooden clothespins in the United States, closed its doors in 2002.
It is credited
Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History, Cat. T11393.037.
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Its dimensions are
H x W x D: 11.4 x 2.5 x 1.1 cm (4 1/2 in. x 1 in. x 7/16 in.)
This object was previously on display as a part of the exhibition Tools: Extending Our Reach.