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What is this?

Folding cockade fan, brisé; guards are attached to center of two outer sticks, all of which, threaded with ribbon, spread to make a round form. Sticks and guards are of black vulcanized rubber, drilled with an open design of delicate vines and flowers and a scalloped edge. One guard is stamped: "Man'f Company Lambertville Goodyear patent."

Why is this important?

The words "Man’f Company Lambertville Goodyear Patent," stamped in tiny letters on the handle of this fan provide the key to its material. The Lambertville Manufacturing Company was active in the 1860s in the manufacture of vulcanized rubber. Natural rubber, tapped from tropical trees, is a "plastic" polymer material, which can be formed or molded, but in its natural state it is sticky, odiferous, and perishable. It does not hold its shape when exposed to heat, and becomes brittle when exposed to cold. In the vulcanization process, natural rubber is heated with sulfur, making it harder and less susceptible to temperature changes.
Various patents for vulcanized rubber were granted to Charles Goodyear and his brother between 1839 and 1860, transforming rubber from an impractical manufacturing material to a vastly important resource used to manufacture tires. The fan functions beautifully as a promotional souvenir commemorating one of Goodyear’s patents, showcasing its improved properties.

This is a cockade fan from United States. It is dated 1860s and we acquired it in 1951. Gift of Mrs. Henry Woodward Haynes.

This image is on display This object is currently on display in room 206 as part of Making Design.

Its medium is

label: drilled vulcanized rubber, silk ribbon

Its dimensions are

H x W (open): 34.3 x 24.4 cm (13 1/2 x 9 5/8 in.)

A timeline of event horizons

This object has been included in the following exhibitions:

See more stuff from the Textiles department.

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If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url= |title=Cockade Fan (USA), 1860s |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=23 May 2015 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>

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