See more objects with the tag graphic design, war, military, airplanes, stars, exhibition poster.

See more objects with the color darkslateblue crimson or see all the colors for this object.

Object Timeline


  • Work on this object began.


  • We acquired this object.




  • You found it!

Poster, Friend? Or Foe?

This is a Poster. It was designed by James Miho and Tomoko Miho and made for (as the client) National Air & Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution. It is dated 1976 and we acquired it in 1981. Its medium is screenprint on metallic coated paper. It is a part of the Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design department.

During World War II, civilian and military spotters learned to distinguish enemy aircraft from allied planes. This poster shows the alphabet of silhouettes that spotters learned to recognize. A military emblem dominates the center.

This object was featured in our Object of the Week series in a post titled When Civilians Guarded the Skies.

It is credited Gift of Various Donors.

  • Poster, General Dynamics
  • offset lithograph on paper.
  • Gift of Arthur Cohen and Daryl Otte in memory of Bill Moggridge.
  • 2013-42-12

Our curators have highlighted 6 objects that are related to this one. Here are three of them, selected at random:

  • Poster, Moon
  • offset lithograph on paper.
  • Gift of Ken Friedman.
  • 1997-19-198

Its dimensions are

H x W: 91.6 × 61.1 cm (36 1/16 × 24 1/16 in.)

It is inscribed

Imprinted in black ink, lower left: National Air and Space Museum; center: Smithsonian Institution; lower right: Washington, D. C.

Cite this object as

Poster, Friend? Or Foe?; Designed by James Miho (American, b. 1933), Tomoko Miho (American, 1931–2012); Client: National Air & Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution; USA; screenprint on metallic coated paper; H x W: 91.6 × 61.1 cm (36 1/16 × 24 1/16 in.); Gift of Various Donors; 1981-29-153

This object was previously on display as a part of the exhibition How Posters Work.

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use page.

For higher resolution or commercial use contact ArtResource.

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url= |title=Poster, Friend? Or Foe? |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=28 March 2023 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>