This object is currently on display in room 202 as part of Plastics. There are 3 other images of this object. This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions), and as such we offer a high-resolution image of it. See our image rights statement.

 

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Object Timeline

1986

  • We acquired this object.

2007

2008

2015

2019

2020

  • You found it!

Armchair (USA), ca. 1885

This is a Armchair. It was attributed to Wenzel Friedrich. It is dated ca. 1885 and we acquired it in 1986. Its medium is assembled and pinned steer horn, cut and shaped horn sheets, wood, metal, brass, glass, leatherette upholstery (modern). It is a part of the Product Design and Decorative Arts department.

Trained as a cabinetmaker in his native Bohemia, Wenzel Friedrich immigrated to the US in 1853, settling in San Antonio and opening a revival-style furniture business. In 1880, he became more innovative, realizing the potential of the Texan stockyards’ plentiful supply of longhorn for use in furniture design. In Europe, antlers, horns, and other emblems of the hunt were used as decor as early as the fifteenth century, with horn seat furniture popular in the 1800s. It is likely Friedrich had seen horn furniture first-hand in Europe or in publications of international exhibitions, where it was shown. Friedrich’s longhorn furniture fulfilled the Victorian fancy for the unusual, as well as symbolized the Wild West, whose air-of Manifest Destiny was desired, as the West became increasingly linked to the Eastern seaboard. Friedrich’s horn furniture was popular in local male-dominated taverns, smoking dens, and bordellos, but was used in more sophisticated settings overseas—England's Queen Victoria even owned a piece. He used boiling water to soften the raw material’s exterior surfaces, which were then scraped, cleaned, dried in the sun, and buffed. Boiling water also made the horn pliable, allowing Friedrich to create exaggerated curves for his various tables, settees, hat racks, and benches.

This object was donated by Jack Lenor Larsen. It is credited Gift of Jack Lenor Larsen.

Its dimensions are

H x W x D: 96 x 97.5 x 88cm (37 13/16 x 38 3/8 x 34 5/8in.)

Cite this object as

Armchair (USA), ca. 1885; Attributed to Wenzel Friedrich (Bohemian, 1827–1902); assembled and pinned steer horn, cut and shaped horn sheets, wood, metal, brass, glass, leatherette upholstery (modern); H x W x D: 96 x 97.5 x 88cm (37 13/16 x 38 3/8 x 34 5/8in.); Gift of Jack Lenor Larsen; 1986-39-1

In addition to Plastics, this object was previously on display as part of the exhibition Campana Brothers Select: Works from the Permanent Collection.

This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use page.

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url=https://collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18620777/ |title=Armchair (USA), ca. 1885 |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=2 June 2020 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>